All states of the United Nations have acknowledged the dangerous implications it poses for not just the environment but also for human development and peace and security. The need to address the causes of this phenomenon and mitigate its effects has become more urgent in light of the recent statement by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC claimed that global temperatures are set to exceed the goal of 2 degrees Celsius which would enable us to avoid the most dangerous impacts of climate change. The latest effort of the international community to combat this development was captured in the adoption of the Paris Agreement on December 12, 2015 at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris and its entry into force on November 4, 2016. State parties to the agreement committed themselves to ambitious actions to curb global temperatures from exceeding the 2 degrees Celsius mark by the end of the century.


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